Financial Word of the Week: Generation-skipping transfer tax
The generation-skipping transfer tax (GST tax) is a separate transfer tax that is imposed on certain transfers and may apply in addition to any gift or estate tax due. The purpose of the GST tax is to tax the transfer of assets passing to a person more than one generation beyond the donor (i.e., “skipping” a generation). This flat-rate tax is calculated at the maximum estate tax rate applicable at the time of the transfer. (In 2015, the maximum estate tax rate is 40 percent.) However, like the gift and estate tax, there are certain exemptions that may apply to help avoid or minimize the impact of the GST tax. For example, there is a lifetime exemption that allows you to transfer a certain dollar amount of assets without incurring this tax. In 2015, the exemption amount is $5,430,000. In addition, there is an annual exclusion available that currently allows for the transfer of $14,000 to any individual without the GST tax being imposed.
One of the keys to the GST tax rule is that it is designed to only tax certain transfers – those involving a transfer of assets to a person one or more generations down the line. For family members such as grandchildren, this is straightforward. For example, a gift from a grandparent to a grandchild would skip the donor’s child’s generation and would, absent an applicable exemption, be subject to the GST tax. However, for non-family members, whether a transfer skips a generation is not always as apparent. For gifts to unrelated individuals, the Internal Revenue Code deems a gift to someone more than 37 ½ years younger to have “skipped” a generation and is therefore subject to the GST tax.
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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.