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Financial Words of the Week: Delinquency and Derogatory

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FWOTW

Have you ever missed a credit card bill or a loan payment? You may know that missing a bill can hurt your credit, but do you know how much? What should you do about it?

What does a late payment mean for my credit?

Missing a loan or credit card payment is known as a delinquency. Delinquencies may  negatively affect your credit history and credit score. If you miss a payment, the best thing you can do is to make that payment as soon as possible. The longer you wait, the more interest will build up.

In terms of your credit score, you need to make the original payment before the next payment is due as well as that next payment. Generally, delinquencies are measured in months, rounding up to the nearest month. The day after the missed due date, an account could be counted as one month late, depending on the lender. One month and one day after the missed due date, that account may be considered two months late and is now a major derogatory.

What is a derogatory, and what makes it major or minor?

Any negative information on your credit history is a derogatory. When a lender reviews your credit, they look at what derogatories show up and how recent they are. Derogatories (or your lack of derogatory information) also make up an important chunk of your credit score. A debt two months late or more counts as a major derogatory. Major derogatories hurt your credit score more because of their serious nature. Other examples include bankruptcies, foreclosures and many debts that go to collections. If you have already missed one month, the best thing you can do is not let it become two.

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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.

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Financial Words of the Week: Fixed Rate / ARM

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FWOTW
Previously, we defined interest  as the cost of borrowing money. You have a range of options when it comes to interest rates. Before you take out a new loan or credit card, be sure you understand those options.

When looking at mortgages, you will likely see fixed rate and adjustable rate mortgages. With a fixed rate mortgage, your lender sets the interest rate during the application process, and it does not change for the life of the loan. With an adjustable rate mortgage, your interest rate will change regularly, based on a published reference rate. The frequency of this change depends on your mortgage.

Loans other than mortgages can be either fixed rate or variable rate. The definition of a fixed rate loan is the same as a fixed rate mortgage, but variable rate loans differ from adjustable rate mortgages in how frequently the rate can change. If the reference rate changes frequently, the interest rate on a variable rate could change monthly. Many car loans have fixed rates, while most credit cards have variable rates.

If you are unsure what your interest rate is on an existing loan, you can look at the terms and disclosures on your monthly statement or your loan paperwork. If you are applying for a new loan or line of credit, the application disclosure should tell you how the interest rate is set.

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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.

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Financial Words of the Week: Points, Origination Fees and Closing Costs

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FWOTW
All three of these terms refer to costs associated with applying for a loan. Lenders sometimes charge these fees to cover the cost of underwriting, appraisals, document preparation and other parts of the process. Generally, the fees will be higher with mortgages than other loans. Mortgages have more complicated requirements compared to other loans. Origination fees are one-time flat fees that cover the costs of processing the loans. By comparison, closing costs may include expenses associated with the real estate transaction that cannot be included in the mortgage amount. A point is one percent of the dollar amount financed. Lenders may let you pay points to lower the interest rate or they may charge points instead of origination fees. Some examples of possible closing costs:

  • Appraisal: The cost of hiring a real estate professional to determine the value of the house
  • Inspection: Hiring an engineer or building professional to examine the structural condition
  • Flood Certification: By law, every mortgage made through federally-regulated or insured lenders must include a flood certification. This assessment determines if the property resides in a high-risk flood area. Homeowners with mortgages in high-risk areas must have flood insurance.
  • Realtor Fees: Real estate agents are paid based on the cost of the house, normally around 3 percent of the selling price.

Mortgage laws vary greatly from state to state. Additionally, each mortgage lender has different products and offers. Because of these complex issues, your costs may be different from those listed above. The best way to learn more is by working with an experienced mortgage loan officer. They can walk you through the full process and help you understand the costs involved. Be sure to check the blog for our “steps to buying your first home” series. So far, we’ve covered Pre-Approval (Step 1) and Choosing the Loan that’s Right for You (Step 2).

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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.

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