Blog   Tagged ‘loan’

5th Step in Buying a Home – Loan Approval and Closing

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Whew…you’re almost to the finish line. Now that you have a contract, the only thing left besides the packing and unpacking is to get approved on a loan and attend the closing.

Once you have an accepted contract it is time to contact your mortgage loan officer (the one you worked with when you were pre-approved) and start the process for loan approval.  Your contract should allow for at least 30-45 days for you to get loan approval and close on your new home.

fixed or variable rate Settlement Cost Booklet HUD-1 Settlement Statement Image Map
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Financial Word of the Week: FDIC

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FWOTW

You’ve seen “FDIC” logos at your bank (we hope!) and heard commercials that end with the quick disclosure “member FDIC.” But what does that mean for you? The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insures the money in your checking and savings accounts up to $250,000. If you use more than one bank, you’re also guaranteed up to $250,000 at each insured institution. That’s why financial experts advise spreading out your wealth after you reach that maximum.

The FDIC is a government agency (created in 1933 after thousands of bank failures) that manages bank insurance funds. FDIC insurance is mandatory for all U.S. chartered banks and banks that are Federal Reserve System members.

 

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Word of the Week: Certificate of Deposit

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FWOTW

Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are a type of savings account that generally earns you a higher interest rate than other bank accounts because you are restricted from withdrawals or deposits. You are guaranteed to earn a set interest rate throughout the term of the CD.  Most institutions have CDs that range from 30 days to multiple years. If you do withdraw money from the account, you may have to pay early withdrawal penalties.

CDs were authorized in the 1960s and gained popularity during the inflation period of the 1970s because of their attractive rates. They are also insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Company (FDIC) guidelines. Given today’s low interest rate environment, you may need to weigh the benefits of being locked into a term. If rates go up, you will be stuck in a low interest rate account or pay the penalties for early withdrawal.

Example
The highest average advertised rate on a one-year CD is 1.00% Annual Percentage Yield (APY). With that rate, it would take you 72 years just to double your money with compounding interest. Or more realistically, if you kept $1,000 in a CD for 10 years, you would only earn approximately $100 in interest. However, if you have a specific goal and time period you’re saving for, then a CD investment could make sense for you.

Next week we’ll explain how to ladder CDs and how it can help you.

 

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Words of the Week: APY, annual interest rate and compound interest

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FWOTW

Ever notice that sometimes your interest rate has the letters APY next to it and sometimes you just see a percentage? What do those letters mean? More importantly, how does the difference affect the money you earn in savings and pay on a loan?

First of all, you need to know that compound interest comes from the money you earn on the interestyou’ve already earned. This is one of the many reasons you want to get the highest interest rates for your savings/investing and the lowest interest rate for your loans. It differs from simple interest which only earns interest on the principal balance.

Financial institutions should give you two quotes when you are asking about interest rates: the annual interest rate and the Annual Percentage Yield (APY).

The annual interest rate is the yearly rate you earn in an investment or pay on a loan and doesn’t factor in compound interest. The annual interest rate is what the account is currently earning and only involves simple interest.

Example: If your savings account has a balance of $10,000 and an annual interest rate (no compounding) of 1 percent, then here’s how you would calculate your earnings from one year:

                                $10,000 x 1% = $100 (after one year, your account balance would be $10,100)

Annual Percentage Yield (APY) is the similar to annual interest rate, but it does factor in compounding.  This can make a significant difference when it comes to investing and borrowing.  APY is what you’ll use when comparing rates for investment/saving options.

Example: If you put the same amount of money into a savings account that utilizes APY (compounding interest of 1 percent), here’s the formula you’d use assuming the interest is compounded twice a year:

                                           $10,000 x (1 + .01/2)2 = $10,100.25 (balance after one year)

While the above examples show insignificant differences – did we really take the time to explain all this for a 25 cent difference? – the larger your interest rates and deposit  balances are, the more impact APY vs. annual interest rate will make. Remember, compound interest is your friend when you’re saving or investing and your foe when you’re taking out a loan or using a credit card.

 

 

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Word of the Week (Small Business Month): Collateral

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FWOTW

Collateral is a company’s assets that are pledged to ensure payment of a financial obligation. Collateral can include business or personal assets such as equity in your home. Business collateral typically includes equipment, inventory, vehicles and accounts receivable. As we explained in our post about the “Five Cs of Credit” (one of which is collateral), you may be required to sign a guarantee with the promise to repay the loan if you cannot repay it with the profits from your business.

Sometimes a Small Business Administration (SBA) loan could be used if there is a collateral short fall within the organization.  An SBA loan has other requirements as well.

A company must understand that the collateral they put up for a loan could be seized if a company defaults on a loan. Also remember that most lending institutions require your collateral value to be more than the loan amount.

 

 

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Words of the Week: Back to School – Joint Accounts & Online Banking

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FWOTW

Back to School Series

When a high school graduate moves away from home, an adjustment period inevitably follows. Paying bills, maintaining jobs and making sure their checking accounts remain positive, can cause college freshmen and new-to-the-work-force employees to struggle with finding a balance.

Whether you’re in this situation yourself or you have a child who is adapting to this new life, opening a joint checking/savings account and online banking can be helpful tools for a smooth transition.

Many banks offer free accounts for college and high school students that do not charge a monthly fee for maintaining an account. The minimum balance requirements are often more flexible since many students don’t have the income to satisfy typical account requirements. By opening a joint account, a parent or guardian can easily track spending and transfer money.  One of the best ways to do this is by utilizing online and mobile banking, which is free at most banks. You can see full transaction history and statements, transfer money from one account to the next, or see how much you have saved … all from your computer or smart phone. Many banks even have options for those who do not have smart phones that utilize text messaging commands.

By working together with your family’s bank, you can ensure you and your student have the right foundation for great educational and fiscal responsibility.

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Words of the Week: Back to School – Student Loans / FAFSA

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FWOTW

Back to School Series

There are different types of student aid that come from various sources. Aid can be in the form of grants (money that is not required to be paid back) that come from schools, private organizations or even from the state and federal government. Some students enter work-study programs that allow them to earn money towards their education as another type of aid. The most common form of aid comes from student loans.

Student loans are funds that are made available for students and guardians to pay for education expenses. It is important to note that, like all other loans, student loans are required to be paid back. However, many student loans offer a deferment period that eliminates the need for payments while a student is in school. There are some loans that are subsidized, so that while a student is in school, the loans don’t accrue interest that the student will have to pay. The federal government is actually paying that interest, not the student.  There are also unsubsidized loans in which the interest accrues while the student is still in school. There still may be the option to utilize in-school deferment, but the interest adds up the entire time the loan exists.

Sometimes it can be difficult to know where to start and which form of aid you may be eligible for. That is where Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) comes in. The FAFSA is a form developed by the federal government that helps determine what types of aid students qualify for. Most colleges require that you complete the FAFSA when applying for financial aid. Visit FAFSA’s websiteto find out more details.

Remember to also work with a bank partner or trusted financial advisor, your high school guidance counselor and your college admissions office to understand if there are any additional resources for your education expenses.

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Word of the Week: Back to School – Co-Signer

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FWOTW

Back to School Series

You have probably heard the phrase, “You need to have credit to get credit.” It can be difficult for someone starting out with no credit to establish a record. One way to overcome this hurdle is to have a co-signer on a loan or revolving line of credit.

A co-signer is a person who also promises to pay the debt. A co-signer is often used when the original applicant has no credit or “poor” credit. Having a more credit-worthy applicant ensures that the creditor, in most cases the bank, has more protection because there is a second person to pay the debt.

The co-signer is responsible for the loan payments. This includes all past and future payments not yet made as well as any additional late fees or penalties. Additionally, co-signers can have their credit impacted if payments are not made on time, so weigh all of the options before agreeing to be a co-signer.

Parents of college students often co-sign for an auto loan or small credit card. By having a low-limit credit card or a small auto loan, students can build good payment history to establish credit with little risk to their parents.

Whether student, co-signer or just a single applicant, one thing is certain – it takes a long time to build credit and a short time to negatively impact it. We always recommend borrowing and paying responsibly to ensure you have access to funds you need. If you’re considering co-signing a loan or credit card, it’s important to first make sure that you can make the monthly payments in full before you make your decision.

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When you click links marked with the “‡” symbol, you will leave UMB’s website and go to websites that are not controlled by or affiliated with UMB. We have provided these links for your convenience. However, we do not endorse or guarantee any products or services you may view on other sites. Other websites may not follow the same privacy policies and security procedures that UMB does, so please review their policies and procedures carefully.


UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Word of the Week: Debt-to-Income

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FWOTW

Last week we explained what Loan-to-Value meant, specifically with mortgages. Now it’s time to tackle another important ratio: Debt-to-Income (DTI).

Your DTI ratio tells lenders how much of your income goes towards your debt and is another number you want to be low. Lenders will look carefully at your DTI ratio, along with your credit score, LTV, and other factors when considering you for a loan. You should aim for a DTI ratio of approximately one third (or lower).

How to calculate

Add up all of the debt payments you make each month (mortgage, student loans, vehicle loan, outstanding credit card balance, etc.). Then divide it by your gross monthly income (pre-tax). So if you make $50,000/year or $4167/month and have $1,500 in debt to pay each month, your DTI would be $1,500 ÷ $4,167 = 36%.

If you’re thinking of buying your first home, calculate how much house you can afford with this calculator, but also factor in how much debt you already have.

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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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Financial Words of the Week: Fixed Rate / ARM

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FWOTW
Previously, we defined interest  as the cost of borrowing money. You have a range of options when it comes to interest rates. Before you take out a new loan or credit card, be sure you understand those options.

When looking at mortgages, you will likely see fixed rate and adjustable rate mortgages. With a fixed rate mortgage, your lender sets the interest rate during the application process, and it does not change for the life of the loan. With an adjustable rate mortgage, your interest rate will change regularly, based on a published reference rate. The frequency of this change depends on your mortgage.

Loans other than mortgages can be either fixed rate or variable rate. The definition of a fixed rate loan is the same as a fixed rate mortgage, but variable rate loans differ from adjustable rate mortgages in how frequently the rate can change. If the reference rate changes frequently, the interest rate on a variable rate could change monthly. Many car loans have fixed rates, while most credit cards have variable rates.

If you are unsure what your interest rate is on an existing loan, you can look at the terms and disclosures on your monthly statement or your loan paperwork. If you are applying for a new loan or line of credit, the application disclosure should tell you how the interest rate is set.

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UMB Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: UMBF) is a financial services holding company headquartered in Kansas City, Mo., offering complete banking, payment solutions, asset servicing and institutional investment management to customers. UMB operates banking and wealth management centers throughout Missouri, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Arizona. It also has a loan production office in Texas. Subsidiaries of the holding company include mutual fund and alternative investment services groups, single-purpose companies that deal with brokerage services and insurance, and a registered investment advisor that manages the company's proprietary mutual funds and investment advisory accounts for institutional customers.



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